Clarissa is a very long novel. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. MA English Literature Notes 165; MA Islamiat Notes 6; Test Preparation Notes & Guide 328. 20th Century English Poetry Development. They are The Traveller and The Deserted Village. He is now chiefly remembered for his greatest work, The Jungle Book. After the death of Geoffrey Chaucer in 1400, a century has gone without great literary outputs. -The epic is a long narrative poem that usually unfolds a history or mythology of a nation or race. Milton’s one of the sonnets deals with the theme of his blindness. The early Miracle plays of England were divided into two classes: the first, given at Christmas, included all plays connected with the birth of Christ; the second, at Easter, included the plays relating to his death and triumph. Being a self-confessed fan ofJane Austen, his attention is on the story, its details and its twists and turns.Vikram Seth is notable both as an accomplished novelist and poet. Adam Bede was her first novel. All his best books deal with the sea. The Domestic Ideal 84. His views on poetical style are the most revolutionary. thank u so much sir ,this post is going so helpful for me in my upcoming net exam….thankx once again, Thank you so much Robert Blair’s fame is chiefly dependent on his poem The Grave. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) is considered as one of the greatest English novelists. Revolution in France and A Letter to a Noble Lord are his notable pamphlets. It contained 40 poems by Surrey and 96 by Wyatt. Philip Massinger and John Ford produced some notable in this period. His greatest novel is Tom Jones. The novel, The Return of the Native is a study of man’s helplessness before the mighty Fate. In 48 half-hour lectures, The History of World Literature explores cross-cultural themes, techniques, and modes of representation over nearly 5,000 years of history. Ndian English poetry is the oldest form of Indian English literature, which has the attained, both fecundity and excellence of cross monestry. John Dryden is now remembered for his greatest mock-heroic poem, Mac Flecknoe. Thousands of classical poems and classic poets. The Shadow of the Glen is a comedy based on an old folktale, which gives a good romantic picture of Irish peasant life. This History provides a concise overview of the developments of British poetry from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present day. In the beginning of his literary career, Owen wrote in the romantic tradition of John Keats and Lord Tennyson. Thomas Hardy began his career as a poet. The Moon and Sixpence, Mrs. Craddock and The Painted Veil are some of his novels. Robert Southey is a minor Romantic poet. Dryden appeared as the chief literary champion of the monarchy in his famous satirical allegory, Abasalom and Achitophel. His characterization has improved. English poetry, instead of the old alliterative verse; the 1st great poet who wrote in the English language; making the London dialect the standard for the modern English speech. 0000001159 00000 n His A Journal of the Plague Year deals with the Plague in London in 1665. It is considered a great age in literary history, particularly for drama. Bacon’s popular essays are Of Truth, Of Friendship, Of Love, Of Travel, Of Parents and Children, Of Marriage and Single Life, Of Anger, Of Revenge, Of Death, etc. Most of the information about Johnson is taken from his friend James Boswell’s biography Life of Samuel Johnson. John Lyly is most widely known as the author of prose romance entitled Euphues. Other well-known Moralities are the “Pride of Life,” “Hyckescorner,” and “Castell of Perseverance.” In the latter, man is represented as shut up in a castle garrisoned by the virtues and besieged by the vices. It is a story of a brave young man Beowulf in 3182 lines. He desired to annul his first marriage as he had no heir from his wife. Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy is a Senecan play. English literature, the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles from the 7th century to the present, ranging from drama, poetry, and fiction to autobiography and historical writing. The character Stephen Dedalus appears again in his highly complex novel, Ulysses published in 1922. In addition to her novels, Virginia Woolf wrote a number of essays on cultural subjects. There were revolutionary changes in both the theme and presentation. The Anglo-Saxon age comprises about 600 years.Beowoulf is one of the most important works of that age. His prose works are large in bulk and wide in range. Lyric poetry, prose, and drama were the major styles of literature that flowered during the Elizabethan Age. Cynewulf wrote religious poems and the four poems, Juliana, The Fates of the Apostles, Christ and Elene are always credited with him. Poetry A much over-looked category of Indian writing in English is poetry. It is a very long series of meditations upon the death of Arthur Henry Hallam, Tennyson’s college friend, who died at Vienna in 1833. It was George Etheredge who introduced Comedy of Manners. He wrote another important poem The Castle of Indolence. It represents various phases‟ development of our multitudinous cultural and national life right from the beginning of the nineteenth to the mid nineties of the twentieth century. xref The Morality generally ended in the triumph of virtue, the devil leaping into hell-mouth with Vice on his back. He was a great orator also. In Memoriam is the most deeply emotional, and probably the greatest poetry he ever produced. Sylvia Plath and her husband Ted Hughes composed some brilliant poems in the 20th century. His best-known prose works include Kim, Life’s Handicap, Debits and Credits, and Rewards and Fairies. UNIT II. 6. English literature can be divided into four main types. Some of these poems were fine, some childish. He used Sprung-rhythm, counterpoint rhythm, internal rhythms, alliteration, assonance, and coinages in his poems. Computer, SEO ,Web Designing 107. In addition, the English Literary Renaissance consists of four subsets: The Elizabethan Age, the Jacobean Age, the Caroline Age, and the Commonwealth Period (which is also known as the Puritan Interregnum). Somerset Maugham was a realist who sketched the cosmopolitan life through his characters. The complete cycle was presented every spring, beginning on Corpus Christi day; and as the presentation of so many plays meant a continuous outdoor festival of a week or more, this day was looked forward to as the happiest of the whole year. Though he was not able to find a publisher, he continued to write poetry. Jupiter decides that he will do just as he pleases about the weather, and everybody goes home satisfied. Bertolt Brecht, J.B Priestley, Somerset Maugham, Christopher Fry, Peter Usinov, Tom Stoppard, Bernard Kops, Henry Livings, Alan Bennett et al are other important playwrights of twentieth century English literature. Dryden’s other important poems are Religio Laici, and The Hind and the Panther. 0000001647 00000 n In its dramatic unity it suggests the pure Greek drama; there is no change of time or scene, and the stage is never empty from the beginning to the end of the performance. It studies with great insight the relationship between a son and mother. ENGLIT 0070 CERVANTES IN ENGLISH 3 cr. A History of Indian Poetry in English explores the genealogy of Anglophone verse in India from its nineteenth-century origins to the present day. are his other major works. The English dramas have gone through great transformation in Elizabethan period. In his works, we have an excellent reflection of both the good and the bad tendencies of the age in which he lived. Juno and the Paycock, The Plough and the Stars, and The Silver Tassie marked Sean O’Casey out as the greatest new figure in the inter-War years. His best known novel is Lord of the Flies. His longest book is Modern Painters. England 18th-century precursors. CSS/PMS Notes & Guide 144; MCAT ECAT Prep Notes 30; NTS Tests Notes-Guide 133; PPSC Tests Notes-Guide 152; TOEFL IELTS Prep Notes 11; Ebooks Library 182. His greatest work is Canterbury Tales. Besides poetry collections like The Lady of the Last Ministrel, Marmion, The Lady of the Lake, and The Lord of the Isles, Sir Walter Scott produced enormous number of novels. Lamb started his career as a poet but is now remembered for his well-known Essays of Elia. very useful for me as literature student , thank you for your effort to make this article beautiful and knowledgeable. 4.1.1. 0 Among his best known shorter poems are To Althea, To Julia, and Cherry Ripe. Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes are other two major poems of Milton. It is a political allegory on the degeneration of communist ideals into dictatorship. hi there, His own experience enabled him to study the life of the Dublin slums with the warm understanding. Thus he fell into conflict with the Churc… Charles Lamb is one of the greatest essayists of nineteenth century. x�bb�b`b``Ń3� ������ � ��} His other novels are The Adventures of Ferdinand and Humphry Clinker. It is based on an actual event which took place during his time. Prerequisite: None. By the year 1300 the Miracles were out of ecclesiastical hands and adopted eagerly by the town guilds; and in the following two centuries we find the Church preaching against the abuse of the religious drama which it had itself introduced, and which at first had served a purely religious purpose. His Prothalamion is written in honour of the double marriage of the daughters of the Earl of Worester. In London, he wrote plays for Lord Chamberlain’s company. Fra Lippo Lippi Andrea Del Sarto and My Last Duchess are famous dramatic monologues. It was set in the rural area he was soon to make famous as Wessex. The Old English language or Anglo-Saxon is the earliest form of English. In 1643, Milton married a woman much younger than himself. He is so sensitive and so strong. At the Restoration, Dryden changed his views and became loyal to Charles II. Fiction in the Early 1830s 50. He was born in Dublin, Ireland. rank him as one of the greatest prose writers of ninteenth century. Evolution Old and New, Unconcious Memory, Essays on Life, Art and Science, The Way of All Flesh etc. Its horrific plot gave the play a great and lasting popularity. No originality in plot or treatment was possible, therefore; the only variety was in new songs and jokes, and in the pranks of the devil. Literature is the mirror of life. Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) was an English poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools. It represents various phases‟ development of our multitudinous cultural and national life right from the beginning of the nineteenth to the mid nineties of the twentieth century. Waverly, Old Mortality, The Black Dwarf, The Pirate, and Kenilworth are some of them. This unfortunate incident led Milton to write two strong pamphlets on divorce. The best known of the Moralities is “Everyman,” which has recently been revived in England and America. Poetry, literature that evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or an emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound, and rhythm. He was too haste in writing novels and this led to the careless, imperfect stories. 0000008820 00000 n It is a mixture of pagan traditions, thoughts about life, the universe and nature, as well as Christian thought and moral values. His Love for Love, The Old Bachelor, The Way of the World and The Double Dealer are very popular. To enliven the audience the devil of the Miracle plays was introduced; and another lively personage called the Vice was the predecessor of our modern clown and jester. Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-92) is a chief figure of later nineteenth century poetry. Maud and Other Poems was received with amazement by the public. 0000001804 00000 n Robinson Crusoe is considered to be one of the most popular novels in English language. Vikram … 0000001342 00000 n Mary Shelley, the wife of Romantic poet PB Shelley is now remembered as a writer of her famous novel of terror, Frankestein. The Burdens of Poetry 33. The poem concludes with the funeral ceremonies in honour of the dead hero. His Reminiscences of the English Lake Poets contain some good chapters on Wordsworth and Coleridge. There was a sweeping social reform and unprecedented progress. The Last Man is Mary Shelley’s another work. 4.The  Sombre Plays: In this group are All’s Well that Ends Well, Measure for Measure, and Trolius and Cressida. Eliot’s poem Ash Wednesday is probably his most difficult. He protested against the feeble characters of his time. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! E.M Forster wrote five novels in his life time. However, polygamy was prohibited under the rule of the Catholic Church. Rudyard Kipling and Francis Thompson also wrote some good poems during the later nineteenth century. are full of vitality. His essays are unequal in English. Prerequisite: None. Another important work of Jonathan Swift is A Modest Proposal. He was modern in tone and selection of themes. 0000004395 00000 n His insistent proclamation of the superiority of the white races, his support for colonization, his belief in the progress and the value of the machine etc. Others after him have tried to compose religious poems in English, but none could compare with him; for he did not acquire the art of poetry from men or through any human teacher, but received Harold Pinter was influenced by Samuel Beckett. The greatest English poem, Beowulf is the first English epic. hats off you master!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! The typical and actual India is beautifully being carved and described by Indian poets who write in English. Lady Chatterley’s Lover is a novel in which sexual experience is handled with a wealth of physical detail and uninhibited language. The same thing is noticeable in Cursor Mundi, which, with the York and Wakefield cycles, belongs to the fourteenth century. It is a long blank verse poem of meditation on man’s morality. He defined poetry as “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings and emotions”. are some of his major poems. Charlotte Brontë’s first novel, The Professor failed to find a publisher and only appeared after her death. Famous Elizabethan dramatist Ben Jonson produced fine poems also. modern english literature page 2 university of calicut school of distance education study material ba english (2 011 admission onwards) vi semester core course modern english literature prepared by: mr. abdul rasheed p. assistant professor department of english emea college kondotty. Many critics consider Clarissa as Richardson’s masterpiece. During this time, medieval tradition was blended with Renaissance optimism. Instead they used alliteration. Other ‘terror novelists’ include William Beckford and Mrs Ann Radcliffe. The second era of the Renaissance period in British literature, spanning the reign of Elizabeth I. J M Synge was the greatest dramatist in the rebirth of the Irish theatre. Wesker narrated the lives of working class people in his plays. Indian English Poetry Features - When we talk about Indian English Literature, it is obvious to mention Indian English Poetry, since it is the oldest form. 1st Phase . In this form, the 14 lines rhyme abbaabba (8) + 2 or 3 rhymes in the last six lines. Perhaps one of the best-known names of English literary criticism, translation, drama, and poetry, Dryden made his name as a poet with his satirical mock-heroic, or mock-epic, poems. His Compleat Angler discusses the art of river fishing. The Great Tragedies: Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, and King Lear are the climax of Shakespeare’s art. In this epic poem, Beowulf sails to Denmark with a band of warriors to save the King of Denmark, Hrothgar. The outcry with the publication of Jude the Obscure led Hardy in disgust to abandon novel writing. Edward Fitzgerald translated the Rubaiyat of the Persian poet Omar Khayyam. Pope wrote many poems and mock-epics attacking his rival poets and social condition of England. Thomas Macaulay (Lord Macaulay) wrote extensively. Thus Shakespeare remains as the greatest English dramatist even after four centuries of his death. Ages of English Literature 1. People communicated the poems and literary works orally during the period under consideration. Thomas Gray (1716-1771) is one of the greatest poets of English literature. Henry VIII was the ruler of English from 1509-1547. Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay but soon moved to Lahore. the history of English literature through the major periods of its develop-ment. There were 135 by other authors. His Country Wife, and Love in a Wood are notable plays. He did odd jobs and left to London for a career. 337 25 Don Juan ranks as one of the greatest of satirical poems. Shelley wrote some of the sweetest English lyrics like To a Skylark, The Cloud, To Night etc. the plot is weak and melodramatic. Reform seemed impossible; the corrupt drama was driven from the stage, and plays of every kind were forbidden. John Dryden popularized heroic couplets in his dramas. Other important poems of Thomas Gray are Ode on a Favourite Cat, The Bard and The Progress of Poesy. Social Crisis and the Novel 81. The White Peacock is his earliest novel. Locates seventeenth-century English literature in its social and cultural contexts. Virginia Woolf famed both as a literary critic and novelist. 0000002618 00000 n Biographia Literaria is his most valuable prose work. Horace Walpole is famous both as a letter writer and novelist. The chief literary glory of the Elizabethan age was its drama. Edward Young produced a large amount of literary work of variable quality. Jane Austen’s plots are skillfully constructed. Sir Richard Steele and Joseph Addison worked together for many years. Other important plays of Jonson are Every Man out of his Humour, Volpone or the Fox, and The Alchemist. Jane Eyre is her greatest novel. These plays show a cynical attitude to life and are realistic in plot. Coverdale carried on the work of Tyndale. The period is a long one and it is generally considered that Old English was spoken from about A.D. 600 to about 1100. Sir John Vanbrugh’s best three comedies are The Provoked Wife, The Relapse and The Confederacy. Adonis, the Jungle book other Observations portrays the individual as dominated by marked!, Prufrock and other forms of superstition Italy and it is material spiritual. Titled the Adventures of Ferdinand and Humphry Clinker blog can not share by... 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