Distemper – old form of painted decoration made from chalk and animal glue. Move over Modern Farmhouse, it's time for some city glamour. Baluster –   a post or vertical pillar supporting a handrail or parapet rail. Conduit – usually a metal or plastic tube used to protect electrical cables. 27. Parapet Gutter –   a gutter usually provided with a flexible metal or other impervious lining. Cames –   The lead bars in leaded windows. With this form of boiler there is no need for water storage tanks, hot water cylinders etc. The Local Authority is usually responsible for the sewers, which collect the effluent from various drains, the drains being the responsibility of the land owners. }); Whilst we endeavour to avoid jargon in our Reports, the use of some technical terms is unavoidable. Sarking Felt – felt or other lining laid across rafters of a pitched roof to provide a secondary means of defence against water penetration. Also term used to describe the support to a drain underground. Rising Damp –   moisture soaking up a wall from below ground, by capillary action which can cause rot in timbers, plaster decay, decoration failure etc. CURB - (1) The stone or concrete edging of a side walk or paved street; (2) the raised edge of a floor or well opening. Box Gutter – square shaped gutter, often found behind a parapet wall. English Bond – a traditional form of solid wall construction with brick courses (layers) laid with headers (the short end) laid alternately with stretchers (the long side). Ridge –  the highest part or apex of a roof. Benching – shaped concrete slope beside drainage channel within an inspection chamber. Flourishes in moist unventilated areas, but the spores can survive in dry conditions. Flue Lining –  metal (usually stainless steel) tube within a flue. Basic Civil Engineering by S.S.Bhavikatti - civilenggforall Front Garden Parking Design JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Of course no bedroom would be complete without some cool looking posters. Hip – the junction between the slopes at the angled end of a roof. Used to be cotton or canvas, now mainly plastic. Interstitial Condensation – condensation which occurs within the thickness of a material, rather than on its surface. Double Hung – a window in which the opening lights slide vertically within a cased Sash Window frame, counter balanced by weights supported on sash cords that pass over pulleys in the frame. Longhorn Beetle – (Hylotrupe bajulus). Sometimes also used to face walls. Some common building terms are listed below for your information: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W. Abutment – an intersection, usually between a roof and a wall. Fibreboard –   lightweight board material of little strength, was used in ceilings, or as insulation to attics. Cavity Wall Tie – a twisted piece of metal or similar material bedded into the inner and outer leaves of cavity walls intended to strengthen the wall. Haunching – see “Benching”. Quoin – the external angle of a building; or specifically, bricks or stone blocks forming that angle. Key –    the roughness of a surface, which provides a bond for any application of paint, plaster, rendering, tiles etc, or spaces between laths or wire meshes which provide a grip for plaster. Dado Rail –   a moulding fixed to the wall or capping panelling and forming the top most part of a dado. Can lead to problems of dampness and make replacement of wall-ties more difficult. Stud Partition – lightweight, sometimes non-load bearing wall construction, comprising a framework of timber faced with plaster, plasterboard or other finish. Often caused by trees, drains etc. Waste Pipe – a pipe usually carrying water away from a basin, bath or sink. Finally we get the chance to add a window on the left side. Wall Plate – horizontal timber in or at the top of a wall supporting floor joists, ceiling joists or rafters. Lead flashings are now usually used. Torching – traditional method of waterproofing by applying mortar to the underside of roof tiles or slates. I just adore Jonathan Adler’s Globo range! 3 Georgian Architecture - Developments. Various proprietary methods are available for damp-proofing existing walls including “electro-osmosis” and chemical injection. Dormer – a window built out from a roof slope. Eaves – the overhanging lower edge of a roof. If disposal is required the waste should be taken to an appropriate disposal site. Specialist treatment normally required. Combination Boiler –   central heating boiler that also provides hot water on demand, sometimes within a pressurised system. Spindle – a balluster. French Drain – a gravel filled drainage trench, typically constructed against a wall. Now mainly expanded metal. Stepped flashings are used over the soakers at a joint against a wall. Gable – upper section of a wall, usually triangular in shape, at either end of a ridged roof. Macerator – an electrical device attached to a WC that shreds and pumps away the waste. Cold Roof – a roof in which the insulation is placed below the deck or structure. Hardcore – broken bricks or stone which, consolidated, are used as a base under floors. I used an angle gauge with a level to come up with a rough idea of the angle of the foundation from grade level to the Mud Sill. Continue to use the site as normal if you're happy with this, or find out how to manage cookies: Structural Calculations for Building Control Submissions, We’re Recruiting! Rendering – cement or lime covering of a wall either internally or externally, sometimes with pebbledash, stucco or Tyrolean textured finish. Newel –  stout post supporting a staircase handrail at top and bottom. Bressumer –  A lintel, often timber, over a shop front, fireplace or bay opening. Ventilation – necessary in all buildings to disperse moisture resulting from bathing, cooking, breathing etc, and to assist in prevention of condensation. Breeze Block –  originally made from clinker cinders (or “breeze”) -the term now commonly used to refer to various types of concrete building blocks. Fanlight – a window above a door or casement. Sewer – a large, underground pipe or drain used for conveying waste water and sewage. The block portion of the foundation was 8 Degrees out of plumb. Collar –   horizontal timber member designed to restrain opposing roof slopes. Cover Flashing – vertical flashing overlapping the vertical upturned parts of a roof covering or other flashing. Gulley – an opening into which rain and waste water are collected before entering the drain. Often used to ventilate the underside of timber ground floors, fireplaces or a roof space. Ball Valve (Ballcock) –  valve operated by a ball floating in a cistern. Beetle Infestation – larvae of various species of beetle, which tunnel, into timber causing damage (often called woodworm). Dry Rot – (Serpula lacrymans). This translated to 3 inches over 2 ft. Fascia – a board fixed to the rafter ends along the roof eaves – usually used to fit gutters. Coving –  curved junction between wall and ceiling. Bonding Timbers – timbers built into the walls in older houses to provide restraint. Cesspool (cesspit) – a simple method of drainage comprising a holding tank, which needs frequent emptying. A little expensive, but it's your best bet. The wall cavity is now usually insulated. Cement flashings are usually called fillets. Bakelite – an early plastic often used in old electrical fittings. The hidden central valley gutters are often a source of nuisance. Used on flat roofs and floors. A A's AMD AMD's AOL AOL's AWS AWS's Aachen Aachen's Aaliyah Aaliyah's Aaron Aaron's Abbas Abbas's Abbasid Abbasid's Abbott Abbott's Abby Abby's Abdul Abdul's Abe Abe's Abel Abel's Landslip – downhill movement of unstable earth, clay, rock etc often following prolonged heavy rain or coastal erosion, but sometimes due to sub-soil having poor cohesion. The one fixed to the wall is the ‘wall string’; the other is the ‘outer string’. Often a decorative series of timbers infilling between the bannister and stairs. Here a strip along the front is filled with purple muscari and the under-window space holds three raised beds stuffed with fragrant bee-loving lavender. Batten –   thin strips of timber, commonly used to support roof tiles or slates. Cladding – the non-loadbearing external skin of a wall or roof used to keep the weather out. Flaunching – mortar weathering on the top of a chimney stack surrounding the base of the chimney pots to throw off the rain and thus prevent it from saturating the stack. Reveals – the side faces of a window or door opening. Shakes – naturally occurring cracks in timber; in building timbers, shakes can appear quite dramatic, but strength is not always impaired. The most common markings are interlocking circles (some carved to create a six-petalled daisy flower effect), concentric circles and intersecting lines creating crosses and M’s representing the Virgin Mary or double V’s for ‘Virgin of Virgins’. Bonnet tile – a hip tile with a bonnet-like appearance. A very serious form of fungus that attacks structural and joinery timbers, often with devastating results. May also be manufactured from clay and built into the flue. Butterfly Roof – ‘M’ shaped roof usually hidden at the front with a parapet wall. Binder – a cross timber laid over ceiling joists to reduce their effective span and prevent sagging. This might seem impossible but with our highly skilled professional writers all your custom essays, book reviews, research papers and other custom tasks you order with us will be of high quality. Expansion Tank – small tank required for many central heating installations to provide water for the system and to allow for overflow. Perhaps someone over there will see my design brilliance and offer me a job. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Used to be sourced principally in Norfolk and is often called Norfolk reed. 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