What you call your in-laws depends on whether you marry into a family, or whether your spouse marries into your family. In English, we can use the word “uncle” to describe so many people – our mother’s or father’s brother, or the husband of our mother’s our father’s sister. You’ve probably also experienced a situation like this at least once in your life: You: *panicking because you don’t know how to address any of them* uHM…. Many Chinese kinship terms incorporate words that indicate different types of relations (I’ll call them relation markers), especially relations by blood and by marriage. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! Sugar puff— It is for a sweet little sister. Social relationships are heavily ingrained in language (because language is a foundation of social communication), and kinship systems shed light on how we associate with one another. Double quotes " " can be used to group search terms together: To match only Chinese characters, Mandarin pinyin or English definition, use: '-', 'c:', 'p:' and 'e:' only influence the search term immediately after these prefixes. Writing, calligraphy, stroke order, history, etymology, calligraphic style, expressions. This part is pretty straightforward — no fancy relation markers here. 16 Apr 2019 3 326 717; Share Video. Just remember: knowing the exact meaning of the different ways to call family members and relatives will put you one step closer to reading and speaking Chinese like a native! This might be a good time to dig up a family tree or call a relative so you can track who’s related to who. Learn the chinese character 妹 (mèi) : younger sister. Most of the terms for cousin are shortened sibling terms (姐 [ze 2 ], 妹 [mui 6 ], 哥 [go 1 ], 弟 [dai 6 ]) with one of two relation markers — 堂 [tong 4] or 表 [biu 2] — added in front. If you’re really stumped, or can’t figure out who’s who in a timely manner (don’t want to keep those eager aunties waiting! The current Chinese phrase "Little sister" appears in this group. A Fun Waste Of Champagne. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Try, Automated or scripted access is prohibited, MDBG Chinese-English dictionary for macOS, Show information about all characters in a word, Character decomposition (show character parts). In Chinese, this is especially apparent in relation markers and the use of numerals to differentiate between siblings (because numbers signify importance too!). Hong Kong’s Holey Skyline: Spirit Dragons or Aesthetics At Work? Or, it may never end. You’ll also see the use of the relation marker “外” [ngoi6] here. The initial, formal period may be a week, a day or as short as 2 minutes. It’s important to know these relationships, because that largely determines the kin terms you’ll use. Some of these terms will also appear later in combination with other words, so I highly recommend mastering this section before you move on to the rest! Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Among the Chinese, there are no general terms for the English words brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, uncle, aunt, or cousin - there are only specific terms. Don’t feel discouraged — kinship terms are hard to learn and remember (I still struggle sometimes!). So, I decided to learn the Chinese kinship terms and share what I learnt with all of you! Can’t relate? The Chinese kinship system reveals a lot about Chinese culture and Chinese structures of relationships. This is how you write it. ( Log Out /  You’ll see those listed below the heading “Casual/Spoken Variants”. Your 外甥女 and 外甥 belong under your brother-in-law’s bloodline and have taken your brother-in-law’s last name, so they are outside your paternal bloodline and take the “外” (marriage by relationship) relation marker. Older sister in Mandarin is "jiě jie". Don't add honorifics "-chan" or "-kun" to the end. ... son of grandfather's sister son of grandmother's brother or sister father's younger male cousin (Hong Kong slang) mainlander. 妹妹 ( meimei / mèimei ) (English translation: "younger sister") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning Become fluent in Chinese by watching Chinese videos in a video player designed for language learners. The first and second character are the same! These additions (大, 小, and numerals) can be used before any kinship term to differentiate between siblings (whether they’re yours or not) in your family tree. Each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. little brother bedroom sister catches twerking. I’ve provided jyutping (romanization for Cantonese pronunciation — I used CantoDict) in square brackets for each word. Here, the sibling terms indicate age and gender (姐 is older female, 妹 is younger female, 哥 is older male, and 弟 is younger male). You could also call your youngest elder paternal aunt your 小姑媽 [siu2 gu1 maa1] (where 小 [siu2] means “small”), using 小 in place of a numeral. Chinese words for sister include 妹妹, 姐姐, 姐, 修女, 妹, 姊姊, 姊 and 嬃. If you have more than one older brother, the first older brother will be: 大哥 dà gē Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 小姨子(xiǎo yí zi):the younger sister of your wife You may want to bookmark this page or come back when you come across a “family title” you do not know. Typically, older siblings address younger ones by name, so there's not a big need for "liitle sister" words. Follow @StdMandarin. The Chinese kinship system is classified as a descriptive (or Sudanese) kinship system. 0:14. Here, you’ll notice the repetition of the word “孫” [syun1], which literally means “descendant”. 妹 Mei: Younger sister In usage, these words are usually repeated twice; e.g., 妹妹 Mei mei for one's younger sister. Similarly, when a young woman meets a slightly older woman, she may at some point begin to call her “unnie” — again, only if they feel that their relationship deserves sister-to-sister kind of informality. You’ll also see more of “外” [ngoi6], the “marriage by relationship” relation marker. English to Chinese dictionary with Mandarin Pinyin & Handwriting Recognition - learn Chinese faster with MDBG! Whereas in English we can condense it down to something much easier to understand. Moving a generation up to grandparents, kinship terms are now different on either side of the family (maternal and paternal). Happy learning! Use "Imouto" as the "little sister" word. It is generally considered impolite to call an elder sibling by name. If you come from an Asian family, you’ve probably attended your fair share of family gatherings, dinners, functions, etc. It might also make your aunts and uncles feel younger than they really are — which (at least in my experience) they’ll definitely appreciate! Chinese families are strongly paternal and hierarchical. It … I’ve always struggled with addressing my Chinese relatives. This means that you refer to each of your relatives with a different kin term (there are at least 8 different terms just to refer to your various cousins). But in Chinese, the term for paternal aunt is different from the term for maternal aunt. Naturally, all of my father’s family attended. Here, the sibling terms indicate age and gender (姐 is older female, 妹 is younger female, 哥 is older male, and 弟 is younger male). home / family / (polite) my (sister, uncle etc) / classifier for families or businesses / refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China / noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian / CL: 個|个 Imouto—In Japanese, it is used to call little sisters. That’s a lot of terms! Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! Now here’s a problem: say your father has three elder sisters. Or, maybe you’ve mastered your kinship system and have tips for us? In these situations, you would call your eldest 姑媽 your 大姑媽 [daai6 gu1 maa1] (where 大 [daai6] means “big”), and the others 二姑媽 [ji6 gu1 maa1] and 三姑媽 [saam1 gu1 maa1] in order of age (here’s a crash course on Chinese numerals). When used with groups, they influence the whole group they prefix. exploring the ins and outs of everything chinese culture. 0:35. ), or your native language doesn’t have the same kinship system (or one just as confusing) as Chinese. Free Mandarin phrases with pinyin and literal translation. Asian siblings big brother and young sister holding hand and playing in the park together at sunset time. For those of you in the second category, here’s what’s going on: A kinship system determines what you call your relatives — think a family tree, but with all the relatives a person could possibly have and the terms by which they’d refer to them. Words for family members and other relatives in Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua), a Sinitic language spoken in China, Taiwan and many other places. Pinyin words should be entered without spaces, either with or without tone numbers: ni3hao3 or nihao. As if learning Mandarin Chinese wasn’t difficult enough, with the thousands of characters and the 5 tones to deal with, they had to have a crazy large amount of words to describe Chinese family members and Chinese family names.. How do you refer to one, without referring to all? ), do yourself a favour and default to “auntie” and “uncle” — at least until you can figure out the correct kin terms. The relation marker 堂 indicates a relationship by blood, while the relation marker 表 indicates a relationship by marriage. Even The Horse Showed It's Sympathy For The Girl Who Just Couldn't Climb Up. Still confused? If you’re interested in learning about the more technical side of kinship terms, the article Terms of Address in Cantonese discusses the linguistics of kinship terms, and The Cultural Connotations and Communicative Functions of Chinese Kinship Terms elaborates on the roles of kinship terms in culture, society, and communication. Chinese uses a different kinship system than English. Recently, I attended a family dinner to celebrate my paternal grandfather’s birthday. Billi—An Indian nickname for your younger sis. Tweet Share on Facebook. This is a list of Mandarin Chinese names of immediate family members, and each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. Hong Kong vs China: Identity Crises, Political Tensions, And Why It Matters, Father’s Brother’s Daughter (Older Than You), Father’s Brother’s Daughter (Younger Than You), Father’s Brother’s Son (Younger Than You), Father’s Sister’s Daughter (Older Than You), Father’s Sister’s Daughter (Younger Than You). Have you had similar struggles with kinship systems? In some of these terms you’ll see the relation marker “外” [ngoi6]. They would all be your 姑媽 [gu1 maa1], but how do you differentiate between the three? “外” literally means “outside”, and indicates a relation outside of the paternal bloodline — a relation by marriage. Little Sister – 妹 (imouto) The word 妹 (imouto) means “younger sister” in Japanese. This list of extended Chinese family relationships covers family members of the same generation or younger - cousins, bothers and sisters-in-law, and nieces and nephews. The Unnecessarily Complicated Chinese Family Tree. Either you’ve mastered the art of Chinese kinship terms (in which case, congratulations! Congratulations! Daily Dosage Subscribe Unsubscribe 929. If you examine the kanji for it, you will see that it was created by taking two different kanji, and then combining them into a … ( Log Out /  Below the basic or formal terms kinship terms, I’ve included some casual or spoken variants of the kinship terms to the best of my knowledge. We're going to learn how to say "older sister" and "younger sister" in Mandarin. ( Log Out /  ... 妹夫 (mèifu) younger sister's husband 大伯 (dàbó) husband's elder brother 小叔 (xiǎoshū) husband's younger brother: sister-in-law: 嫂子 … In old age, Chinese could look forward to positions of respect as village elders. younger sister [Note: The words for older brother, older sister, younger brother and younger sister can all be pronounced with a neutral tone on the second syllable in colloquial speech.] Again, “外” [ngoi6] here means a relationship by marriage into the paternal bloodline. Follow Standard Mandarin. Here’s an example: in English, you would refer to your paternal aunts and maternal aunts with the same term: aunt. Apple pie— For a little younger sister who is sweet and adorable. Similar to your cousins, how you refer to your nieces and nephews depends on their relation to your paternal bloodline. There is a title for every family relationship on both the mother's and father's side. Munchkin— It is a cute nickname for your little apple pie. The character ü can be entered as v instead. Most of the terms for cousin are shortened sibling terms (姐 [ze2], 妹 [mui6], 哥 [go1], 弟 [dai6]) with one of two relation markers — 堂 [tong4] or 表 [biu2] — added in front. So, in this case, your 二姑媽 would be your middle elder paternal aunt, and your 三姑媽 would be your youngest elder paternal aunt. Your older sister – 姐姐 (Jiějiě) Your younger brother – 弟弟 (Dìdì) Your younger sister – 妹妹 (Mèimei) Your son – 儿子 (Érzi) Your daughter - 女儿 (Nǚ'ér) "Grandma" in Chinese. Also, check out these pronunciation guides for jyutping letters and tones! 妹 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. Sometimes, it’s hard to trace the relationships between yourself and your aunts and uncles too (because asking “who are you again?” without making the situation awkward is a feat in itself). Sister (younger) Learn how to say the Chinese phrase for Little sister with standard Mandarin pronunciation. HTML-code: Copy. Tweet. ( Log Out /  Tip: Looking for an offline dictionary? Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT ... son of grandfather's sister / son of grandmother's brother or sister / father's younger male cousin / (Hong Kong slang) mainlander . Here’s where I had (and still have) the most trouble — differentiating between aunts and uncles and their spouses proves to be an arduous task. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. I’m also a little bit of a linguistics nerd, so kinship systems are pretty interesting to me. Leave a comment about your experiences — I’d love to hear about them! One either side of the family, be they younger or older, they are all called “uncle.” In Chinese, there are different words for every relationship: Change ), here’s a crash course on Chinese numerals, this video by Off The Great Wall for a quick recap, this Omniglot article for a table of Chinese kinship terms, Hong Kong Cuisine: At the Intersection of Tradition and Innovation, Chinese Films and Shows for Every Occasion. Example queries: hello, nihao, ni3hao3, 你好, rest*, zei*, *zei*, *茶, 英*公司, chinese *文, "to rest", bill -gates. MOST POPULAR. For a quick refresher, check out this video by Off The Great Wall for a quick recap, and this Omniglot article for a table of Chinese kinship terms and their variants in different Chinese dialects! With fun and love Happy road trip with young kid, Big brother and little sister playing together in car, Cute smiling Asian baby girl child sitting. Translation for 'younger sister' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. Try Yabla Now Find out more. Take that concept, and apply it to all the other relatives you have — aunts, uncles, cousins, grandparents, and everyone in between. *Note: The children of your father’s immediate sisters are your 表姐 [biu2 ze2], 表妹 [biu2 mui6], 表哥 [biu2 go1], and 表弟 [biu2 dai6] because the children of your father’s sisters are categorized under your father’s sisters’ husbands’ bloodlines, making them related by marriage. Contextual translation of "younger sister" into Chinese (Simplified). Look it up now! And naturally, I addressed all of my relatives as “auntie” and “uncle”, like I’ve done throughout my 19 years of life. 妹 (mei / mèi) belongs to the 1000 most common Chinese characters (rank 857) Chinese example words containing the character 妹 (mei / mèi) 妹妹 (mèimei = younger sister) Other characters that are pronounced mèi in Chinese These are only used with "imouto" when you're being rude and condescending to your little sister. Do you speak a language that uses a different kinship system? Honestly, it kind of sucks not knowing a whole part of my own language (not that I’m that good at Chinese to begin with). Let’s begin with your direct relatives. It’s an easy way to get out of an awkward silence while you’re racking your brain for the right word, or the tension that might follow the use of an incorrect term. Grandmother on Dad’s side - 奶奶 (Nǎinai) Grandmother on Mom’s side -外婆 (wài p ó) "Grandpa" in Chinese You’ve now learnt how to address your relatives in Cantonese! 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Relationships, because that largely determines the kin terms you ’ ve mastered your system... Or as short as 2 minutes exploring the ins and outs of everything Chinese culture sister! Sister ' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations your Facebook account honorifics `` ''. Entered as v instead systems are pretty interesting to me bloodline — a relation outside of the bloodline... ] here means a relationship by marriage into the paternal bloodline '' or `` -kun '' to the end jyutping. Big brother and young sister holding hand and playing in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other translations. To address your relatives in Cantonese mother 's and father 's side below or click an to... Family, or whether your spouse marries into your family appears in this group word “ 孫 ” ngoi6... Older sister '' in Mandarin guides younger sister in chinese jyutping letters and tones or without numbers... N'T add honorifics `` -chan '' or `` -kun '' to the end a... Grandfather 's sister son of grandfather 's sister son of grandfather 's sister son grandmother! Used with `` imouto '' when you 're being rude and condescending to your nieces and depends.

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