Haggai (/ ˈ h æ ɡ aɪ /; Hebrew: חַגַּי ‎ – Ḥaggay; Koine Greek: Ἀγγαῖος; Latin: Aggaeus) was a Hebrew prophet during the building of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, and one of the twelve minor prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the author of the Book of Haggai.He is known for his prophecy in 520 BCE, commanding the Jews to rebuild the Temple. 17, 3, but also the presents of king Artaxerxes and his counsellors, which Ezra received on his return to Jerusalem to carry with him for the temple (Ezra 7:15.). 2. The earlier commentators were no doubt generally right, when they sought for the fulfilment in the establishment of the new covenant through Christ; they simply erred in referring the predicted shaking of the nations and the promised glorification of the temple in too one-sided and exclusive a manner to the coming of Christ in the flesh, to His teaching in the temple, and to the establishment of the kingdom of heaven through the preaching of the gospel. His goal was to encourage the builders by giving a word of hope. "The ruined skeleton of the Temple was like a dead body decaying in Jerusalem and making everything contaminated." 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. But whilst the honour paid to the temple of Zerubbabel on the part of the heathen and heathen princes by the presentation of sacrifices and dedicatory offerings must not be overlooked, as preludes to the promised filling of this house with the riches of the Gentiles, we must not look to this outward glorification of the temple at Jerusalem for the true fulfilment of our prophecy, even if it had exceeded Solomon's temple in glory. Those five things, the absence whereof they felt, were connected with their atoning worhip or God's presence among them; "the ark with the mercy-seat and the cherubim, the Urim and Tummin, the fire from heaven, the Shechinah, the Holy Spirit." T. Bab. (translation: English: Webster's Bible) And only what is short in the eyes of men is fitted for this" (Hengstenberg). 1) Who is left among you who saw this temple in its former glory? But, inasmuch as Israel was still without such moral preparation as would allow of the coming of Jehovah being a blessing to it, and rejected its Messiah, there occurred an event in connection with this rejection of Jesus on the part of Israel, which not only put a stop to the fulfilment of the prophecies, the realization of which had commenced with the coming of Jesus, but introduced a partial modification. Haggai 2:9 The Glory of the Latter House; Haggai 2:10-14 Duty Neglected Contaminates Character and Conduct; Haggai 2:15-19 God's Relation to Men Determined by Their Conduct ; Haggai 2:20-23 The Preservation of God's People Amid the Overthrow of Empires; Haggai 2 Illustrations to Chapter 2; JAMIESON, FAUSSET, BROWN Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. before it was destroyed by Titus and the Romans. Haggai reminds them that their presence in the Promised Land doesn't make everything they do holy. ‘And in this place I will grant peace,’ declares the LORD Almighty.” And the words "in this place will I give peace" are now fulfilled. Haggai 2:1-9 New King James Version (NKJV) The Coming Glory of God’s House. And how shall it be said, if so, 'great shall be the glory of this later house above the first?'" Vid. 7. Between this third utterance and the fourth (Haggai 2:10-19) intervenes Zechariah’s exhortation to repentance (Zechariah 1:2-6) uttered in the eighth month. For what the wise of blessed memory have said of the beauty of the house of Herod is in relation to the house which Zerubbabel built. Haggai may be a contraction of Haggiah meaning "festival of Yahweh." 'And in this place I will grant peace,' declares the LORD Almighty." This peace begins by the removal of the difficulty in the way of the just God accepting the guilty (Ps 85:8, 10; Isa 9:6, 7; 53:5; Zec 6:13; 2Co 5:18, 19); then it creates peace in the sinner's own heart (Isa 57:19; Ac 10:36; Ro 5:1; 14:17; Eph 2:13-17; Php 4:7); then peace in the whole earth (Mic 5:5; Lu 2:14). The two most powerful kingdoms that grew out of the monarchy of Alexander, viz., the Syrian and Egyptian, destroyed one another. KJV: The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. In later times they had it not. That exile began in 587 B.C. by Crassus (Josephus, Ant. The poor unconverted Jew did not know the answer to his question: "Through the presence of God, in the substance of our flesh; through the son given to us, Whose name should be Mighty God." ii. 'Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house." i. iii. pp. In this respect the rebuilding of the temple that had been destroyed was a sign and pledge of the restoration of the kingdom of God, which had been broken up through the banishment of Israel among the heathen, and the attitude of those who returned from exile towards the building of the temple was a sign of their internal attitude towards the Lord and His kingdom. Consequently the events predicted by Haggai (Haggai 2:6-9) have not been fulfilled; for the valuable possessions of all the heathen have not been applied to the glorification of the sanctuary of Jehovah built by Zerubbabel, and there has not been a place of peace created there in the midst of the judgments that were to fall upon the heathen world. Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." 1:39, 40). Thus the promise covers the entire development of the kingdom of God to the end of days. A temple, erected, after this had lain waste above 1800 years, even if Antichrist were to come now and to erect a temple at Jerusalem, could be no fulfillment of this prophecy. The shaking of heaven and earth, of the sea and of the dry land, is indeed partially effected by violent earthquakes and wonderful signs in the sky, and was typified by such judgments as the flood; but it is only fully accomplished at the breaking up of the present condition of the world in the destruction of this heaven and this earth. Clarke's Haggai 2:9 Bible Commentary And in this place will I give peace - שלום shalom a peace-offering, as well as peace itself; or Jesus Christ, who is called the Prince of peace, through whom peace is proclaimed between God and man, between man and his fellows; and through whom peace is established in the disconsolate soul. In material magnificence the temple of Solomon, built and adorned with all the treasures accumulated by David and enlarged by Solomon, far surpassed all which Herod, amid his attempts to give a material meaning to the prophecy, could do. This is peace above peace, which shall be given after the third shaking of heaven sea earth, dry land, when He shall destroy all powers anti principalities (in the day of judgment). There is no room for a third temple. On that day every eye will see Him and every tongue will confess Jesus Christ is Lord - to the glory of God the Father. 1. Into this holy city of God will the kings of the earth bring their glory and honour, and the heathen who are saved will walk therein (Revelation 21:10-11, Revelation 21:22-24). Ganz Tzemach David, par. Haggai 2:9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. Haggai 2:10 In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying, God sought to warn the people to heed His words. As members of the Church, we are watching and waiting for Christ to return in the air to take His redeemed saints to heaven, which will happen at least seven years before He breaks through the clouds, riding a white horse, with his vestments dripping with the blood of His defeated enemies. ii. But Israel was smitten with the ban, and scattered among the heathen nations. 4.) B. J. i. A Time To Endure Series Contributed by Shawn Drake on Nov 24, 2019 based on 1 rating | 1,849 views. The Gospel is described as Ezra 34:25, "a covenant of peace:" the promised king Zechariah 9:10 "shall speak peace to the Pagan;" He himself should be "our peace" Micah 5:5. fol. This first took place with the coming of Christ, and that not in the fact that Jesus visited the temple and taught in it, and as the incarnate Logos, in whom the "glory of Jehovah" that filled the temple of Solomon dwelt in its truest essence as δόξα ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, glorified the temple of stone with His presence, but by the fact that Christ raised up the true temple of God not built with human hand (John 2:19), i.e., that He exalted the kingdom of God shadowed forth in the temple at Jerusalem to its true essence. What Does Haggai 2:9 Mean? For all the days of the duration of the second house were "in strait of times and not in peace," as was written in Daniel, "and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again and the fosse, and in strait of time," and, as I said, in the time of Herod there was no peace whatever, for the sword did not depart from his house to the day of his death; and after his death the hatred among the Jews increased, and the Gentiles straitened them, until they were destroyed from the face of the earth. If, then, the old men who had seen the temple in its former glory wept aloud at the laying of the foundation of the new building, because in comparison with the former it was as nothing in their eyes, this mourning was occasioned not so much by the fact that the new temple would not be so beautiful and majestic a building as that of Solomon had been, as by the fact that the poverty of the new building set before their eyes the wretched condition of the kingdom of God. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. … (f) Meaning all spiritual blessings and felicity purchased by Christ; Php 4:7. 7 And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. declares the LORD Almighty. (n) Baal Aruch in rad. 520 during the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem (B.C. Haggai 1:15-2:9 The People Obey the Lord. (Note: Aug. Koehler also assumes that the ultimate fulfilment of our prophecy will not take place till the second coming of Christ, although he is of opinion that, generally speaking, it has not been fulfilled in the manner originally intended. in this place … peace—namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple: where Messiah "made peace through the blood of His cross" (Col 1:20). when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of the people, and led most of the rest into exile in Babylonia. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man (Isa 2:4; Ho 2:18; Zec 9:10). Haggai spoke some 66 years after the temple was destroyed. Christ Himself was to be Isaiah 9:6-7 "the Prince of peace: of the increase of His government and of His peace there was to be no end;" in His days Psalm 72:3, Psalm 72:7 "the mountains were to bring peace to the people; there should be abundance of peace, so long as the moon endureth; the work of righteousness was to be peace Isaiah 32:17, the chastisement of our peace (that which obtained it) was upon Him" Isaiah 53:5, "great should be the peace of her children" Isaiah 54:13, in the Gospel God would give peace, true peace, to the "far off and the near" Isaiah 57:19. Heavenly Father thank You that You are in control of history and that the day is coming when Christ will return to earth in power and great glory to set up His kingdom, rebuild His Temple in Jerusalem, and bring peace and prosperity to all. "There Christ, the Son of God, was, as a Child, offered to God: there He sat in the midst of the Doctors; there He taught and revealed things, hidden from the foundation of the world. 11, 1), through which Herod endeavoured to win over the people to his plan. Haggai 2:9 "The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts." Thank You that Your plan of redemption continues to unfold and that the day is coming when Christ will rule and reign in the Holy City of Jerusalem, and the earth will be filled with the glory of God as the waters cover the sea. The Hebrew prophet Haggai wrote about B.C. This would have encouraged both the older and younger generation to live faithfully to the Lord despite their humble circumstances. But the fault of this rests purely upon Israel. 65. Today, the members of Christ's Body are a spiritual Temple whom the Lord is using to forward His redemptive plans and purposes. Peter sums up "the word which God sent unto the children of Israel, as Acts 10:36 preaching peace by Jesus Christ Romans 14:17. ", And in this place I will give peace - Temporal peace they had now, nor was there any prospect of its being disturbed. The temple itself was profaned by Antiochus Epiphanes (1 Macc. However, a day is coming when Christ will return in power and great glory and enter the future, Millennial Temple, when the latter glory of God's house will be greater than the former and there will peace on earth and goodwill to all men. Haggai's second prophecy began with the Lord asking the returning remnant three questions. How much more, since Scripture saith not, 'Great shall be the beauty or the wealth of this latter house above the first,' but the glory: and the glory is not the wealth or the beauty, or the largeness of the dimensions of the building, as they said in their interpretations, for the 'glory' is in truth spoken of the glory of God, which filled the tabernacle, after it was set up, and of the glory of God which filled the house of God, which Solomon built, when he brought the ark into the holy of holies, which is the Divine cloud and the Light supreme, which came down thither in the eyes of all the people, and it is said, 'And it was when the priests came out of the Italy place, the cloud filled the house of God, and the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of God filled the house of God.' He tries to prove that all the conditions which it lays down for the glorifying of the temple have now been realized. The Church today is the Temple of God, made from living stone, and the Spirit of God indwells our mortal bodies. "Even then there were forebodings that the time of this empire would soon be accomplished, and the rapid conquests of Alexander gave fulfilment to this foreboding. Without the Temple, the priests could not fulfil their duties and the sacrificial offerings to the Lord could not be reinstated. Haggai 2:6-9 The Desire of the Nations . i. Ezra 3:12-13 describes what those who had seen the first temple felt like 16 years before this prophecy of Haggai, when the work of … 4. And just to recap for a moment, you saw that these children of Judah had come out of captivity, from seventy years captivity in Babylon, they'd been given their freedom. 13. The Romans now attained to the government of the world; but at the very time when they appeared to be at the summit of their greatness, their shaking had very considerably advanced" (Hengstenberg). If we look at the thought itself which is expressed in this form, it is the following: The Lord will one day exalt His kingdom, which is so deeply degraded and despised, to a glory which will far surpass the glory of the kingdom of God at the time of Solomon, and that by the fact that all the heathen nations will dedicate their possessions to it. "The new covenant," he says, "which was established by the Lord in His incarnation, was not at first a blessing to Israel, but to the heathen world. In the second year of King Darius: The prophecy of Haggai gives us several specific chronological marking points (Haggai 1:1, 1:15, 2:1, 2:10, 2:20). God calleth us to peace" 1 Corinthians 7:15 in the Gospel Romans 5:1, "being justified by faith, we have peace with God through Jesus Christ our Lord Galatians 5:22, the fruit of the Spirit is love joy peace." , Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications Josephus ( Ant have treasure! 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