Let’s find out more in our British Empire facts… British Empire facts. It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to bring silk, spices, tea, and salt from India to Europe. After more conflict, Burma became part of the empire in the 1880s. But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. Facts about British Colonization of Australia talk about the history of Australia in 1780 until 1859. Rwanda. The Democratic Republic of the Congo. This means … Togo. European countries with interest in Africa met in Berlin in 1884 to divide the continent among themselves. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. It was the period of colonization in the country. However, the British Empire controlled a substantial amount of territory in Africa from the 16th century to the 18th century, from what is now South Africa to what is now Egypt. A Short History of the Colonization of Palestine Myth: “‘Israel’ was a land without a people for a people without a land.” History: Arab people have lived in Palestine for thousands of years. It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to ... Hong Kong. This eventually led to the American War of Independence, also known as the Revolutionary War, which took place from 1775 to 1783. It remains to be seen if any one power will again dominate over such a large portion of the globe, but history does have a tendency to repeat itself. Colonies are territories that have no independent representation and are under the political control of a state. The first attempt at colonization came from their bordering country of Egypt. Before proceeding to look at how the British rule shattered the Indian economy, it will be useful to consider the respective macro-economic situations that prevailed in Britain and India before the Indian subjugation.It should be noted that the British, during the 16th and 17th centuries, were in a bad shape. Given the vast size and complexity of the empire, Great Britain made no effort to rule it as a single political unit. Nothing lasts forever, however. The Central African Republic. This was done with the 1841 Convention of Chuenpi. Further east, the British established control of the Malay peninsula and acquired a lease on Hong Kong from China following the end of the Opium Wars. Gilbert and Ellice Islands (Kiribati and Tuvalu), 1997 (Now a Chinese special administrative region), 1965 (self governing island state in free association with New Zealand), Mandatory Palestine (Israel, Jordanian annexation of the West Bank, Palestine Protectorate), 1860 (now part of Nicaragua and Honduras), 1846 (became a US territory, then a state), 1783 (became a Spanish colony, later a US territory, Province of Nova Scotia (one of the founding provinces of Canada), Province of Quebec (one of the founding provinces of Canada), 1869 (became part of the Canadian confederation), 1963 (became a state of Malaysia, then separated in 1965), Straits Settlements (Singapore, Malaysia, Borneo), 1946 (Separated and passed to other nations), Swan River Colony (Western Australia, state in Australia). The Sykes-Picot Agreement partitioned the area between Britain and France. Top British and middle Indian administrators ruled Burma. Russia was successful in capturing some of the northern areas of the Empire (present-day Turkmenistan, for example) in the 19th century. So many countries were colonized by the British, but there are many countries that weren't colonized by the British either. Former British Colonies. The British in Africa. While various countries gained their independence over time, even by 1952 when Queen Elizabeth took the throne, over 70 colonies still existed in the empire overseas. 3 The Land Down Under. Britain began colonizing the world back in the 16th century and spread its power through a strong army and by partnering with local authorities to conduct business. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. The last province to join since the 1867 confederation was Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949 and the last territory was Nunavut in 1999. These include Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, the Bahamas, Australia, Belize, Barbados, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. Early on, it was pretty clear that war-weary Europe would soon be fighting again over the spoils of the New World. Likewise, China was never colonized formally, but the Opium Wars were fought to ensure that British opium merchants had access to Chinese markets. In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. Interestingly, 18 African countries that were formerly British colonies have chosen to remain connected to Great Britain as members of the British Commonwealth. The country already had officially laid claim to Western Australia in 1829 as one of the British colonies. India was under the private control of the British East India Company until 1857. The French also had colonies in Africa, from the ROC to modern-day Morocco, among other colonies worldwide. The British Empire was the largest of its kind in history, and once covered about one quarter of all the land on Earth. Jamaica was obtained by conquest in 1655, and the Hudson’s Bay Company established itself in what became northwestern Canada from the 1670s on. The New South Wales colony on Australia's east coast was divided into separate colonies during the mid-1800s. Britain did not have the amount of people to use direct control over all of their colonies, especially Africa. Iraq: Occupied by Britain in World War I. Nominally independent after 1932. In West Africa, the British had no pretensions about their attitude toward their colonies and colonial subjects. Britain seized control in 1822 when the Egyptian government was in debt to Europe. In doing so, this presence grew to be more than just an element of commerce. The colonization was orchestrated by the East India Company, a British corporation that traded cotton, silk, spices and tea. T he other countries must feel so left out. The sun figuratively never set on the British empire during the Victorian Era with British colonies on every part of the globe. British rule extended into the Pacific with the acquisition of the Fiji Islands in 1874 and British New Guinea in 1884. These two countries fought for the territory and made many influences along the way. The other chief colonisers were France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The end of an era, which began in the 16th century, finally came around in 1997 when Hong Kong, one of the empire’s most prominent territories, was transferred back to China. The other country was Great Britain, who happened to colonize many countries besides Sudan (Benjamin 1060). Britain did not have the amount of people to use direct control over all of their colonies, especially Africa. French bronze medal commemorating John Brown, the American abolitionist who attempted to forcibly end slavery in the United States. The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified … Britain expanded to Africa and India both full of resources, and both full of people with different cultures, customs, and religions. Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. As far as current British overseas territories go, these include land in the Antarctic as well as Anguilla, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean territory, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, the Pitcairn Islands, St Helena and its Dependencies, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, and the Turks & Caicos Islands. 1 Countries Colonized by Britain. The British government did not officially rule Iran, but it did affect most of the government's policy because it owned the country's most valuable resource. When the British colonized these new lands, they changed things. The British Empire is famous for spreading itself to almost every corner of the globe. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. Here is a brief look at some former British Colonies and how they came to be. British bronze medal (1834) commemorating the end of slavery in the British colonies under King William IV (1830-1837). They are mainly Sunni Muslim. Thus, Britain did not attempt … These areas became prosperous economically and many people living in them began to wonder at one point why they needed to pay taxes to leaders back in England. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. They captured Malacca in 1511, holding it until the Dutch seized it in 1641. Nonetheless, British colonials held themselves apart from local people more than other Europeans did, hiring locals as domestic help, but rarely intermarrying with them. T he other countries must feel so left out. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Six countries: Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain, France, and the United States, had colonies in Southeast Asia. Colonization and early self-government The opening of the 17th century found three countries— France, Spain, and England —contending for dominion in North America. Thus, many European countries, such as Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain, England and Germany, began acquiring colonies, leading to the colonial division of the world. The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. Colonization by the French and the British had a strong influence on Egyptian society. Great Britain waged two wars with Afghanistan to protect the northwest border of India resulting in Afghanistan becoming a semi-protectorate of the crown in 1880. By 1914, most of the countries in the world had been colonized by Europe. Britain did not want to be paternalistic like the French colonialists, and it did not practice the assimilation policies of the French. THE LIGHTLY COLONIZED COUNTRIES OF THE FERTILE CRESCENT. Portugal The Portuguese had the least impact on Southeast Asia. In the sixteenth century, “England was a backward country”, says Robertson. The few colonies Britain maintained in West Africa primarily provided support for the British navy. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See? Contents. Here are some interesting facts about British Colonization of Australia below: The British government watched the East India Company, who ruled India. The company had an army, led by British officers and staffed by Indian soldiers. British North America and Colonial America. In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the African continent. Thus, many European countries, such as Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain, England and Germany, began acquiring colonies, leading to the colonial division of the world. India. At its height in 1921, this empire had become a refined worldwide network, ruling approximately one quarter of all the land on Earth. Canada’s road to independence has been long and winding. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. He dug into the history of almost 200 … A List of Countries Colonized by the British in the Victorian Era. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. At this time, these included New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and “Canada” which was comprised of Upper and Lower Canada, today the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Great Britain participated in economic imperialism in India. Britain was left essentially bankrupt, with insolvency only averted in 1946 after the negotiation of a $US 4.33 billion loanfrom the United States, the last installment of which … In 1780, these people began to form a colony in New South Wales. Great Britain ruled present day Sudan, Kenya, Botswana,Lesotho, Egypt, Northern Somalia, Eastern Ghana,Benin,Gambia and Niger Great Britain used indirect rule to control their colonies. British settlers landed in New Zealand in 1840. Hulton Archive/Hulton Archive/Getty Images, The History Press: India from Queen Victoria's Time to Independence, Australian War Memorial: Colonial period, 1788–1901. Between 1840 and 1868, the British began phasing out their original practice of shipping convicts to Australia. In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the ... 2 Spices and Tea. 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